Effects of potting media on flowering time and important marketing traits of Lily (Lilium spp.) cut flower in soilless culture

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Landscape Architecture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

2 Former MSc Student, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

3 Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Horticultural Sciences, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran


Effects of several soilless growing media on the flowering time, flower bud number, flower number, flower size, and stem height of Lilium cut flower was studied. The treatments were arranged as factorial based on a completely randomized design with 10 growing media and two cultivars of Bernini (Oriental) and Ceb Dazzle (Asiatic) using four replications. The growing media were different organic and mineral components as sand, vermiculite, perlite, cocopeat, and their combinations at equal volumes (50:50). Daily fertigation of the pots with 250 ml of the Hougland solution was carried out, which started one week after sowing the bulbs. Growth and development of plants were monitored and the data was recorded accordingly. The results indicated that cocopeat as a culture medium was superior to others in terms of accelerating flowering time, flower bud number per plant, flower number per plant, flower size, and stem height in both cultivars. The earliest flowering was observed on Bernini and Ceb Dazzle CVs. cultivated in sand and vermiculite media, respectively. The media containing cocopeat (50 and 100 percent) yielded the higher flower bud and flower number, flower size, and stem height in comparison to other mixtures.


Article Title [Persian]

اثرات بسترهای کشت بر زمان گلدهی و خصوصیات مهم تجاری گل بریده سوسن (لیلیوم) در کشت بدون خاک

Authors [Persian]

  • سعد اله علیزاده اجیرلو 1
  • رامین نیک رزم 2
  • احمد خلیقی 3
  • سید جلال طباطبایی 4
1 گروه مهندسی فضای سبز، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز
2 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران
3 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران
4 گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران
Abstract [Persian]

تاثیر چند نوع بستر مختلف آلی و معدنی در کشت هیدروپونیک روی برخی صفات کمی و کیفی گل بریده لیلیوم مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. آزمایش در قالب فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح کاملا تصادفی با استفاده از ده بستر کشت و رقم­ های “برنینی” (اوریانتال) و “سبدازل” (آسیاتیک)  در چهار تکرار انجام شد. بسترهای مختلف آلی و معدنی عبارت بودند از: ماسه، ورمی کولیت، پرلیت، کوکوپیت و بسترهای ترکیبی دو به دو آن­ ها با نسبت­ های حجمی مساوی (50:50). تمامی گلدان­ ها بعد از یک هفته از کاشت پیازها هر روز و به طور یکنواخت و با 250 میلی لیتر محلول غذایی فرمول هوگلند تغذیه شدند. رشد و نمو گیاهان در کلیه واحدهای آزمایشی ثبت گردید. نتایج نشان داد که کوکوپیت به عنوان بستر کشت از لحاظ تسریع زمان گلدهی، تعداد غنچه در هر بوته، تعداد گل کامل در هر بوته، قطر گل و ارتفاع ساقه گل دهنده در هر دو رقم بر سایر بسترهای کاشت برتری داشت. کوتاه­ترین زمان برای گلدهی در بستر ماسه برای رقم “برنینی” و در بستر ورمی کولیت برای رقم “سبدازل” مشاهده شد. استفاده از بسترهای حاوی کوکوپیت (50 و 100 درصد) به تولید جوانه گل و گل بیشتر، اندازه بزرگتر گل و ارتفاع بیشتر گیاهان در مقایسه با سایر بسترها منجر شد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • بستر کشت
  • خصوصیات گل
  • زمان گلدهی
  • سوسن
  • کشت بدون خاک
Arancon NQ, Edwards AC, Babenko A, Cannon J, Galvis P, and Metzger JD, 2008. Influences of vermicomposts, produced by earthworms and microorganisms from cattle manure, food waste, and paper waste, on the germination, growth, and flowering of petunias in the greenhouse. Applied Soil Ecology (39): 91-99.
Barrett GE, Alexander PD, Robinson JS, and Bragg NC, 2016. Achieving environmentally sustainable growing media for soilless plant cultivation systems – a review. Scientia Horticulturae 212: 220-234. 
Basheer SN and Thekkayam SG, 2012. Effect of growing media and organic nutrition on vegetative growth in Anthurium plant (Anthurium andreanum cv. Tropical). The Asian Journal of Horticulture 7(2): 354-358.
Benito M, Masaguer A, De Antonio R, and Moliner A, 2005. User of pruning waste compost as a component in soilless growing media. Bioresource Tecnology 96: 597-603.
Blom TJ, 1999. Coco coir versus granulated rockwool and ‘ARCHING’ versus traditional harvesting of roses in hydroponic system. Acta Horticulturae 4871(2): 503-510.
Chang L, Yun W, Xu W, Nikbakht A, and Xia Y, 2012. Effects of calcium and humic acid treatment on the growth and nutrient uptake of oriental lily. African Journal of Biotechnology 11(9): 2218-2222.
Davidson H, Mecklenburg R, and Peterson C, 1998. Nursery Management: Administration and Culture. Second edition. Prentice- Hall, Inc. New Jersey, USA, 173 pp.
De Hertogh AA, 1996. Marketing and research requirements for lilium in north America. Acta Horticulturae 414: 17-24.
Eleni M, Sabri K, and Dimitra Z, 2001. Effect of growing media on the production and quality of two rose varieties. Acta Horticulturae 548: 79-83.
Fascella G and Zizzo GV, 2005. Effect of growing media on yield and quality of soilless cultivated rose. Acta Horticulturae 697: 133-138.
Gruda NS, 2019.  Increasing sustainability of growing media constituents and stand-alone substrates in soilless culture systems. Agronomy 9: 1-24.
Hahn EJ, Joen MW, and Kee P, 2001. Culture method and growing medium affect growth and flower quality of several gerbera cultivars. Acta Horticulturae 548: 385-391.
Hernandez-Apolaza L, Gasco AJ, Gasco M, and Guerrero F, 2005. Reuse of waste materials as growing media for ornamental plants. Bioresource Technology 96: 125-131.
Khandan MA, Babalar M, Naderi R, and Asgari MA, 2007.  The influence of different ratios of NH4 and NO3 nitrogen sources on rose (Rosa hybrid L. ‘Varlon’) cut flower production. Iranian Journal of Horticultural Sciences and Techniques 8(3): 139-148 (In Persian with English abstract).
Larson AR, 1992. Introduction to Floriculture. 2nd ed. Academic Press Inc., USA.
Magnani G, Grassotti A, and Nesi B, 2003. Lapillus growing medium for cut bulbous flowers in soilless culture. Acta Horticulturae 609: 389-393
Mami Y, Peyvast Gh, Bakhshi D, and Samizadeh H, 2008. Effect of different substrates on tomato production in soilless culture. Journal of Horticulture Science 2(2): 39-48 (In Persian with English abstract).
Menzies NW and Aitken RL, 1996. Evaluation of fly ash as a component of potting substrates. Scientia Horticulturae 67: 87-99.
Montagne V, Capiaux H, Cannavo P, Charpentier S, Renaud S, Liatard E, Grosbellet C, and Lebeau T, 2016. Protective effect of organic substrates against soil-borne pathogens in
soilless cucumber crops. Scientia Horticulturae 206: 62-70.
Oki LR and Leith JH, 2004. Effect of change in substrate salinity on the elongation of Rosa hybrida L. Scientia Horticulture 101-103.
Paradiso R and De Pascale S, 2008. Effects of coco fibre addition to perlite on growth and yield of cut gerbera. Acta Horticulturae 779: 529-534.
Pool RT and Conover CA, 1991. Potential for eucalyptus mulch used as a component of potting mixes for foliage plant production. CFREC-Apopka Research Report, RH-91-13, Central Florida Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Apopka, Florida, USA.
Sardoei AS, Roien A, Sadeghi T, HahadadiF, and Mokhtari TS, 2014. Effect of vermicompost on the growth and flowering of African marigold (Tagetes erecta). American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences 14: 631-635.
Sonneveld C and Voogt W, 2009. Plant Nutrition of Greenhouse Crops. Springer, Germany, pp. 237.
Syros T, Econormou A, Galafis A, Tsicreitsis G, and Ralli P, 2001. A comparative study of rose cultivation of coco-soil and pumice with recirculation of the nutrient solution. Acta Hort. 548: 503-510.
Syros T, Economou A, Orliaklis GM, Tsicritsis G, Exarchou E, and Schmidt U, 2001. Flower and growth evaluation of gerbera cultivation on perlite in an open hydroponic system. Acta Horticulturae 548: 625-630.
Wilson SB, Muller KL, Chris Wilson P, Incer MR, Stoffella PJ, and Graetz DA, 2009. Evaluation of new container media for Aglaonema production. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 40: 2673-2687.
Worrall RG, 1981. Comparison of composted hardwood and peat-based media for the production of seedlings, foliage and flowering plants. Scientia Horticulturae 15: 311-319.
Wotton RD, Gouin FR, and Stark FC, 1981. Composted digested sludge as a medium for growing flowering annuals. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 106(1): 46-49.
Yasui H, 1986. Characteristic of a new culture media and use. New Technology of Hydroponic Culture 6: 15-20.